TEXTILES FUNCIONALES COMO BARRERA DE PROTECCIÓN ANTE INFECCIONES ASOCIADAS A LA ATENCIÓN EN SALUD

Jenniffer Zapata Giraldo, Luz Elena Botero Palacio, Mónica Liliana Mejía Suaza, Nelson Escobar Mora, Isabel Ortiz Trujillo, Beatriz Galeano, Lina Hoyos Palacio, Diana Cuesta

Resumen


Los tejidos reforzados con nanoestructuras se ha convertido en un área de la investigación que busca contener la transmisión de microorganismos relacionados con las infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud, un problema de salud pública conlleva una alta carga de morbi-mortalidad en la población y pérdidas millonarias de recursos económicos. Las nanopartículas metálicas y óxido metálicas son agentes antimicrobianos que han cobrado importancia por su amplia aplicación. Esta revisión narrativa examina la evidencia científica de textiles funcionales con propiedades antimicrobianas como una estrategia para contener la transmisión de microorganismos relacionados con infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud, a partir del contexto de los textiles como fuente de contaminación e infección y los mecanismos antimicrobianos de las diferentes nanopartículas usadas como reforzantes para lograr un textil funcional. El desarrollo de la nanotecnología permite el progreso en diferentes campos de la ciencia y oportunidades en el ámbito de textiles funcionales.


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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24050/reia.v15i29.1166

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