MODELOS LOGÍSTICOS APLICADOS EN LA DISTRIBUCIÓN URBANA DE MERCANCÍAS

Cristian Giovanny Gómez Marín, Martín Dario Arango Serna, Conrado Augusto Serna Urán

Resumen


Este artículo presenta una clasificación de los modelos logísticos que se han desarrollado para dar solución a los problemas de integración, coordinación, sostenibilidad y movilidad que surgen en la distribución urbana de mercancías (DUM). La búsqueda de la mejora y optimización de los procesos en los sistemas de distribución de bienes y servicios en zonas urbanas ha crecido en los últimos años debido al aumento de la población y el incremento de la congestión vehicular, que se dan en las grandes ciudades, dificultando el logro de objetivos comunes entre los diferentes actores en DUM entre otros, por la alta complejidad que se presenta. Para este artículo, se realizó una revisión amplia y actualizada en la literatura científica sobre el tema, posteriormente se realizó una categorización de los modelos utilizados en la DUM y las técnicas utilizadas en estos modelos, por último se presentan las tendencias actuales y posibles soluciones futuras en el modelado de los problemas en esta área de investigación.


Palabras clave


Distribución urbana de mercancía; Logística de ciudad; Modelos logísticos

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24050/reia.v14i28.1055

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