Caracterización de matrices de Polivinil alcohol-Alginato-Quitosano-Aloe vera

Luisa Fernanda Gomez Chabala, Martha Elena Londoño Lopez, Claudia Elena Echeverri Cuartas

Resumen


El objetivo de este trabajo fue obtener un sistema que pueda ser usado para conservar de manera localizada en una herida dérmica las propiedades cicatrizantes y refrescantes del Aloe Vera usado en la medicina tradicional, integrando dicho principio activo en una matriz polimérica compuesta por alginato, quitosano y alcohol polivinílico (PVA), los cuales en conjunto poseen propiedades de resistencia mecánica, biodegradabilildad y biocompatibilidad, necesarios para este tipo de aplicación. Para llevar a cabo esta investigación, se evaluó la morfología, grupos funcionales, propiedades mecánicas y cinética de liberación de las muestras. Cada una de las matrices evidenciaron una morfología con poros interconectados y estabilidad mecánica. La liberación de Aloe vera desde la matriz de PVA-alginato-quitosano tuvo un comportamiento no fickiano, mientras la de alginato-quitosano siguió un comportamiento más cercano al fickiano. Las matrices de PVA-quitosano-alginato y alginato- quitosano por sus características, mecánicas, morfológicas de poros definidos e interconectados, y de cinética de liberación representan buenos modelos para ser tenidos en cuenta como sistemas de liberación controlada de medicamentos


Palabras clave


PVA, alginato, quitosano, Aloe vera gel, apósito

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24050/19099762.n23.2018.806

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