Caracterización cinemática, electromiográfica y estabilométrica del pedaleo en bicicleta de ruta. Reporte de caso

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Julialba Castellanos Ruiz
Liliana Patricia Escobar Escobar
Luis Daniel Gallo Cardona
Jose Luis Rodriguez Sotelo
Daniela López Londoño

Resumen

Objetivo: Determinar las características cinemáticas, electromiográficas y estabilométricas del pedaleo en bicicleta de ruta. Metodología: se realiza un estudio tipo reporte de caso, realizado con 2 ciclistas (profesional y amateur) a quienes se les realizan pruebas de cinemática, electromiografía (EMG) de superficie y estabilometría, haciendo uso de la tecnología Bioengineering (BTS). Resultados: la potencia tiene una tendencia lineal siendo mayor en el ciclista profesional en comparación con el amateur, por otra parte, la velocidad tiene un comportamiento lineal siendo mayor la del ciclista profesional. En el análisis cinemático hay mayor consistencia en los movimientos realizados por el ciclista profesional que el amateur, las diferencias son más evidentes en tronco y tobillo, las cuales son las articulaciones extremas-proximal y distal de la cadena cinética.  La actividad muscular mostró patrones más estables y amplitudes con mayor tamaño en el ciclista profesional, de acuerdo con la estabilidad, el índice de Romberg en ambos ciclistas es normal con un valor de 0,879 para el profesional y 0,704 para el amateur. Conclusión: Los mejores resultados obtenidos por el ciclista profesional en relación con las variables estudiadas pueden estar asociados con el tiempo de entrenamiento y la realización del gesto deportivo con una técnica más depurada.

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Castellanos Ruiz, J., Escobar Escobar, L. P., Gallo Cardona, L. D., Rodriguez Sotelo, J. L., & López Londoño, D. (2020). Caracterización cinemática, electromiográfica y estabilométrica del pedaleo en bicicleta de ruta. Reporte de caso. Revista Ingeniería Biomédica, 13(26). https://doi.org/10.24050/19099762.n26.2019.1369
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Artículos
Biografía del autor/a

Julialba Castellanos Ruiz, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales

Fisioterapeuta Especialista en intervensión fisioterapeutica en ortopedia Especialista en educación sexual Magister en educación y desarrollo humano

Liliana Patricia Escobar Escobar, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales

Fisioterapeuta Especialista en gestión de proyectos de desarrollo con enfoque sociohumanístico Especialista en intervención fisioterapeutica en ortopedia y traumatología Magister en actividad física y deporte

Luis Daniel Gallo Cardona, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales

Fisioterapeuta

Jose Luis Rodriguez Sotelo, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales

Ingeniero electrónico

Magister en automatización industrial

Doctor en ingeniería

Daniela López Londoño, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales

Ingeniería biomédica

Maestría en ingeniería

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