Comportamiento electroquímico de los aceros 316L, 316L nitrurado y F1586 en fluido corporal simulado

Electrochemical behavior of 316L, 316L nitrided and F1586 steels in simulated body fluid

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Diana Galeano
Santiago Vargas Giraldo
Juan Manuel Vélez Restrepo

Resumen

Los materiales metálicos se emplean con frecuencia en la fabricación de implantes biomédicos, siendo la corrosión un factor que determina el éxito del desempeño del implante en el organismo. Debido a esto, en la presente investigación se estudió el comportamiento electroquímico de los aceros 316L, 316L nitrurado y F1586 en fluido corporal simulado. A través de difracción de rayos X, fue posible deducir que las capas nitruradas estaban compuestas, además de la fase austenítica, de la fase S. De acuerdo a los resultados alcanzados mediante análisis electroquímicos, las capas pasivas de los aceros 316L nitrurado y F1586 fueron las más protectoras, en comparación al acero 316L sin nitrurar. Esto se debió a la alta estabilidad de la capa pasiva del acero nitrurado y a la posible formación de productos estables de corrosión en la superficie del acero F1586. En términos generales, el acero sometido a nitruración reveló la menor corrosión en el fluido corporal simulado.

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Referencias (VER)

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