VULNERABILITY OF COMPLEX NETWORKS AND URBAN TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS: A LITERATURE REVIEW

Laura Lotero Vélez, Rafael Germán Hurtado Heredia

Abstract


In recent years, the interest of researchers and professionals from various disciplines in the analysis of social, biological, and artificial systems from the perspective of complex networks has grown considerably. Some of these networks, such as transportation networks, are part of critical infrastructure and are the basis of many human activities. One of the most important practical properties of complex networks is the ability to maintain some functions in the event of errors, failures, or attacks to their nodes or links; this property has been called robustness, resilience, or vulnerability by different authors. In this paper, we present a review of the literature on the concept of vulnerability in the formalism of complex networks and some perspectives of its application in the analysis of urban transportation networks. The purpose of this paper is to provide new insights to researchers and decision-makers in the analysis of mobility and transportation systems.


Keywords


Complex networks; Robustness; Vulnerability; Urban transportation

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